Edward W. Said is University Professor at Columbia University and the author of Orientalism and Culture and Imperialism. His The End of the Peace Process: Oslo and After was published last spring. Reflections on Exile will appear in early 2001. (November 2000)

The Cruelty of Memory

Before he won the Nobel Prize in 1988, Naguib Mahfouz was known outside the Arab world to students of Arab or Middle Eastern studies largely as the author of picturesque stories about lower-middle-class Cairo life. But even to them he did not seem to have a style or perspective of …

Leaving Palestine

I recall how, on November 1, 1947—my twelfth birthday—my oldest Jerusalem cousins, Yousif and George, bewailed the day, the eve of the anniversary of the Balfour Declaration, with puzzling vehemence as “the blackest day in our history.” Ihad no idea what they were referring to but realized it must be …