IN THE REVIEW

Closing Time for Open Ed?

Free the Children: Radical Reform and the Free School Movement

by Allen Graubard

How to Survive in Your Native Land

by James Herndon
Recently a conference on “Alternatives in Education” was advertised in The New York Review, the San Francisco Chronicle, and, I am sure, in other papers and journals throughout the country. A student who paid $250 plus room, board, and transportation could earn three points of college credit. On the same …

Out Our Way

9226 Kercheval: The Storefront That Did Not Burn

by Nancy Milio

Neighborhood Government: The Local Foundations of Political Life

by Milton Kotler
As a visiting nurse, Nancy Milio observed at firsthand the horrifying conditions in the Detroit ghetto and became convinced that she and other professionals could help the poor. She assumed that government funds could be raised for a community health program. She expected the Visiting Nurses Association (which had expressed …

Up Against It

The Devil Has Slippery Shoes: A Biased Biography of the Child Development Group of Mississippi

by Polly Greenberg
For a while during the mid-Sixties, the Headstart program seemed to many the most promising of the “anti-poverty” operations carried on by federal and local authorities. Designed for very young children, it involved parents by requiring them to help out in nursery school; it made use of experts in child …

Great Expectations

Pygmalion in the Classroom: Teacher Expectation and Pupils' Intellectual Development

by Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson

On the Outskirts of HOPE: Educating Youth from Poverty Areas

by Helaine S. Dawson
Most educational research focuses upon the success and failure of students or on the economic “effectiveness” of school systems. But there seems to be a tacit agreement between teachers and researchers (usually psychologists and sociologists) not to raise questions concerning the teachers themselves. It is difficult for researchers to enter …

How Teachers Fail

How Children Learn

by John Holt
John Holt’s first book, How Children Fail, described the strategies of avoidance and failure children adopt in school when they feel pressed to reproduce whatever their teachers consider is necessary for learning. It shows how nervous and unhappy children try to figure out what their teachers expect of them, rather …