The Caucasus: An Introduction by Thomas de Waal
Kosovo: A Short History by Noel Malcolm
Between Serb and Albanian: A History of Kosovo by Miranda Vickers
In mid-February a second Ukrainian ceasefire came into effect. These are the pictures I took last month while reporting for The New York Review of Books from Ukraine.
It is impossible to ignore that the conflict in Ukraine is by now not only a matter of aggression by Russia but also a civil war in the east.
The fate of two neighboring towns in eastern Ukraine shows just how divided and bitter the region has become since fighting began almost exactly a year ago.
In late August, Russian-backed rebel forces launched a devastating counter-offensive against Ukrainian troops.
The scale of the devastation suffered by Ukrainian forces in southeastern Ukraine over the last week has to be seen to be believed.
Petro Poroshenko won Ukraine’s presidential election surprisingly easily, but the rebellion is not over. What happens next in Kiev?
As Ukrainians go to the polls to elect a new president, the rebels in the east, who a few weeks ago were triumphantly wrenching their region away from Kiev, now seem to have stalled; but without much sign that the post-revolutionary government is recapturing its lost authority.
The shift of popular opinion in eastern Ukraine under the sway of the Russian media is ominously reminiscent of what the Serbian media and other bits of the former Yugoslav media did when Yugoslavia collapsed.