Innerlichkeit and Eigentümlichkeit

The Romantic Vision of Caspar David Friedrich: Paintings and Drawings from the USSR 23–March 31, 1991 an exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York January

The Romantic Vision of Caspar David Friedrich: Paintings and Drawings from the USSR (paper, distributed by Abrams) catalog of the exhibition by Robert Rosenblum and Boris I. Asvarishch, edited by Sabine Rewald

Caspar David Friedrich and the Subject of Landscape by Joseph Leo Koerner

No Sorrow Left Unturned

The Palace of the White Skunks by Reinaldo Arenas, translated by Andrew Hurley

Old Rosa by Reinaldo Arenas, translated by Ann Tashi Slater and Andrew Hurley

The Tragedy of the Amazon

The Last Rain Forests: A World Conservation Atlas edited by Mark Collins, foreword by David Attenborough

Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide by Louise H. Emmons, illustrated by François Feer

The Fate of the Forest: Developers, Destroyers and Defenders of the Amazon by Susanna Hecht and Alexander Cockburn

World Resources, 1990–1991: A Guide to the Global Environment a Report by the World Resources Institute

Government Policies and Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon Region by Dennis J. Mahar

Developing Amazonia: Deforestation and Social Conflict in Brazil’s Carajás Programme by Anthony L. Hall

The Decade of Destruction: The Crusade to Save the Amazon Rain Forest by Adrian Cowell

Anatomy of the Amazon Gold Rush by David Cleary

Alternatives to Deforestation: Steps Toward Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest edited by Anthony B. Anderson

Class Dismissed

The Imperial Middle: Why Americans Can’t Think Straight About Class by Benjamin DeMott

Money Income and Poverty Status in the United States 1989: Advance Data from the March 1990 Current Population Survey, Bureau of the Census

The Strange Fate of William Faulkner

The Portable Faulkner edited by Malcolm Cowley

Creating Faulkner’s Reputation: The Politics of Modern Literary Criticism by Lawrence H. Schwartz

William Faulkner: The Yoknapatawpha Country by Cleanth Brooks

On the Prejudices, Predilections, and Firm Beliefs of William Faulkner by Cleanth Brooks

Faulkner’s Country Matters: Folklore and Fable in Yoknapatawpha by Daniel Hoffman

Doubling and Incest/Repetition and Revenge: A Speculative Reading of Faulkner by John T. Irwin

Faulkner’s Marginal Couple: Invisible, Outlaw, and Unspeakable Communities by John N. Duvall

Reading Faulkner by Wesley Morris and Barbara AlversonWtwith Morris

Faulkner and Modernism: Rereading and Rewriting by Richard C. Moreland

The Ink of Melancholy: Faulkner’s Novels from ‘The Sound and the Fury’ to ‘Light in August’ by André Bleikasten


John Ashbery is the author of several books of poetry, including Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (1975), which received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, the National Book Critics Circle Award, and the National Book Award. His first collection, Some Trees (1956), was selected by W. H. Auden for the Yale Younger Poets Series. He has also published art criticism, plays, and a novel. From 1990 until 2008 Ashbery was the Charles P. Stevenson, Jr. Professor of Languages and Literature at Bard College. Ashbery’s new collection of poems, Breezeway, will be ­published in May 2015.

John Bayley is a critic and novelist. His books include Elegy for Iris and The Power of Delight: A Lifetime in Literature.

David Cannadine is the Dodge Professor of History at Princeton.

Frederick C. Crews is Professor Emeritus of English at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Follies of the Wise: Dissenting Essays.

Timothy Garton Ash is Professor of European Studies and Isaiah Berlin Professorial Fellow at St. Antony’s College, Oxford, and a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford. He leads the Free Speech Debate project at Oxford ( and is writing a book about free speech.

Andrew Hacker teaches political science and mathematics at Queens College. His new book, The Math Myth and Other STEM ­Delusions, will appear next March.
 (July 2015)

Václav Havel (1936–2011) was the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic. Havel was one of the six signers of the statement “Tibet: The Peace of the Graveyard.”

Arthur Hertzberg (1921–2006) was a Conservative rabbi, scholar and activist. His books include The French Enlightenment and the Jews: The Origins of Modern Anti-Semitism and The Zionist Idea.

Bernard Knox (1914–2010) was an English classicist. He was the first director of Harvard’s Center for Hellenic Studies in Washington, DC. Among his many books are The Heroic Temper, The Oldest Dead White European Males, and Backing into the Future: The Classical Tradition and Its Renewal. He is the editor of The Norton Book of Classical Literature and wrote the introductions and notes for Robert Fagles’s translations of the Iliad and the Odyssey.

Kenneth Maxwell , the founder of the Brazil Studies Program at 
Harvard’s David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, is currently 
a weekly columnist for the Brazilian newspaper Folha de São Paulo.
 (August 2015)

Keith Thomas is a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. He is the author The Ends of Life: Roads to Fulfillment in Early Modern England.

John Updike (1932–2009) was born in Shillington, Pennsylvania. In 1954 he began to publish in The New Yorker, where he continued to contribute short stories, poems, and criticism until his death. His major work was the set of four novels chronicling the life of Harry “Rabbit: Angstrom, he two of which, Rabbit is Richand Rabbit at Rest, won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. His last books were the novel The Widows of Eastwick and Due Considerations, a collection of his essays and criticism.

Brian Urquhart is a former Undersecretary-General of the United Nations. His books include Hammarskjöld, A Life in Peace and War, and Ralph Bunche: An American Life. His article in this issue draws on his essay in Tyringham Topics.
 (February 2013)

Paul Wilson’s translation of Bohumil Hrabal’s early stories, Mr. Kafka and Other Tales from the Time of the Cult, is published this month. (November 2015)

Michael Wood is the Charles Barnwell Straut Class of 1923 Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Princeton. His books include Literature and the Taste of Knowledge and Yeats and Violence