Before the Fall

Egypt in Late Antiquity

by Roger S. Bagnall

The Roman Near East, 31 BC–AD 337

by Fergus Millar
In his account of Arabia, the life of Muhammad, and the rise of Islam in The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon (who died two hundred years ago last year), debated two topics which are at the forefront of our own consciousness: the relations …