Arar’s claims were simple: to forcibly send him to Syria to be tortured violates the Constitution’s due process clause, which the Supreme Court has interpreted as forbidding conduct that “shocks the conscience,” as well as the Torture Victim Protection Act, which allows torture victims to sue those who subject them to torture “under color of foreign law.” Courts have long held that torture is the paradigmatic example of conduct that “shocks the conscience” and violates due process.
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