Good News Is Not Bad News

Social scientists, historians, and political observers in general agree on one point about the Eastern European revolutions of 1989: no one foresaw them. The collapse of Communist power in Eastern Europe, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of Germany, the implosions in the Soviet Union—the end of …

Out of Phase Again

More than twenty years ago I published a short article on Inter-American relations with the title “Out of Phase.”[^1] Intellectual fashions in thinking on development, I tried to show, tended to go through changes in the United States that were matched, but in the opposite direction, by shifts occurring at …

On Democracy in Latin America

The point of departure of any serious thought about the chances for the consolidation of democracy in Latin America must surely be pessimism.[^1] The principal reason is simply that the historical record is so unpromising. In this respect, the recent disintegration of seemingly well-entrenched authoritarian regimes in Argentina, Brazil, and …