Richard J. Evans is Regius Professor Emeritus of ­History at the University of Cambridge and President of Wolfson College, Cambridge. He is the author of The Third Reich at War and, most 
recently, ­Altered Pasts.

IN THE REVIEW

The Anatomy of Hell

Ravensbrück guards Dorothea Binz, Margarete Mewes, Grete Bösel, Vera Salvequart (‘Dr. Vera,’ in the row behind, who worked as a ‘nurse’), and Eugenia von Skene on trial at the War Crimes Court in Hamburg, circa December 1946

KL: A History of the Nazi Concentration Camps

by Nikolaus Wachsmann

Before Auschwitz: Jewish Prisoners in the Prewar Concentration Camps

by Kim Wünschmann
The power of the “Holocaust” as a concept has all but obliterated other aspects of the crimes of the Nazis and the sufferings of their victims and driven the history of the concentration camps from cultural memory.

What the War Was Really About

Allied B-17 bombers flying toward Germany with an escort of long-range fighters

Engineers of Victory: The Problem Solvers Who Turned the Tide in the Second World War

by Paul Kennedy
Different kinds of historians have tended to emphasize different reasons for the Allies’ defeat of the Axis powers in World War II. The more traditional military historians put the stress on the varying qualities of leadership on the two sides. They contrast the inspiration provided by Churchill and Roosevelt and, …

The Truth About World War II

Soviet Marshal Georgy Zhukov (center left) and British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery (center right), Berlin, May 1945

The Second World War

by Antony Beevor

Stalin’s General: The Life of Georgy Zhukov

by Geoffrey Roberts
Ever since it began, World War II has been seen as “the good war,” to borrow the title of Studs Terkel’s Pulitzer Prize–winning oral history.1 In sharp contrast to World War I, remembered mainly for its terrible conditions in the trenches of the Western Front, its tragic waste of …

How Willing Were They?

Life and Death in the Third Reich

by Peter Fritzsche

Ghettostadt: Lodz and the Making of a Nazi City

by Gordon J. Horwitz
Almost as soon as the Nazis came to power in Germany, they made the greeting “Heil Hitler!” a compulsory part of national life. Civil servants were legally obliged to sign documents with it, and anybody writing a letter to officialdom would have been well advised to do the same. Schoolteachers …

Immoral Rearmament

The Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy

by Adam Tooze
Almost two decades have passed since the end of the cold war, and living in a unipolar world dominated by the US has begun to change the way scholars view the history of twentieth-century Europe. For someone in his mid-thirties, like the British historian Adam Tooze, the rise of America …