Stephen Kotkin is Birkelund Professor of History and International Affairs in the Department of History and the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton. His article in this issue ­appears in ­different form in his forthcoming book Stalin: ­Volume I: ­Paradoxes of Power, 1878–1928.
 (October 2014)

If Stalin Had Died…

He would do it. Stalin would force the collectivization of Soviet villages and nomadic steppes inhabited by more than 100 million people between 1928 and 1933. At least five million people, many the country’s most productive farmers or herders, would be “dekulakized,” that is, herded into cattle cars and dumped …

On Martin Malia (1924–2004)

Martin Malia, who died on November 19, was one of the great historians of Russia, and he was much more than that. Born in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1924, he became equally at home in Paris, where he lectured for decades and knew such scholars as François Furet and Raymond Aron; …