Tamsin Shaw is Associate Professor of European and ­Mediterranean Studies and Philosophy at NYU and the author of ­Nietzsche’s Political Skepticism.
 (April 2017)

IN THE REVIEW

Invisible Manipulators of Your Mind

The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds

by Michael Lewis
We are living in an age in which the behavioral sciences have become inescapable. The findings of social psychology and behavioral economics are being employed to determine the news we read, the products we buy, the cultural and intellectual spheres we inhabit, and the human networks, online and in real life, of which we are a part. Aspects of human societies that were formerly guided by habit and tradition, or spontaneity and whim, are now increasingly the intended or unintended consequences of decisions made on the basis of scientific theories of the human mind and human well-being.

The Psychologists Take Power

The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion

by Jonathan Haidt

The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined

by Steven Pinker
It is only recently that the claims of psychologists to moral expertise have come to be taken seriously. Contributing to their new aura of authority has been their association with neuroscience, with its claims to illuminate the distinct neural pathways taken by our thoughts and judgments. Neuroscience, it is claimed, has revealed that our brains operate with a dual system for moral decision-making.

NYR DAILY

The Universe in a Nutshell

The gothic boxwood miniatures currently exhibited at the Cloisters—thought to be in large part the work of a single individual in the Netherlands in the sixteenth century—are so breathtakingly intricate, the minuscule scenes in prayer beads and altarpieces rendered so exquisitely, that any viewer should be prepared to gasp, “How did they do it?” These diminutive objects have an impact for which the viewer who expects merely to marvel at technical virtuosity will be unprepared.

The Iago Problem

Daniel Craig as Iago in Sam Gold’s Othello at the New York Theatre Workshop, 2016

In Sam Gold’s subtly intelligent new Othello at the New York Theatre Workshop we find a more disturbing interpretation of Iago, one that perhaps (and unfortunately) makes it the necessary production for our times. Daniel Craig’s Iago is not a psychopath, or a victim of trauma, or a man deluded about right and wrong—he makes a choice. It is the voluptuous enjoyment that Nietzsche described. It is the freedom and exhilaration of moral insensibility.

Beethoven Beneath the Monolith

The chorus in Claus Guth's Fidelio, Salzburg Festival, 2015

For the obsessive seeker of meaning, contemporary opera productions can make for some difficult evenings. Fidelio, Beethoven’s only opera, is always challenging. Watching the Salzburg production, directed by Claus Guth, I was not shocked, but a little perplexed. By the end, the audience can no longer be sure what is supposed to be real and what unreal, who is imprisoned and who is imprisoning.