John Edwards is a Research Fellow in Spanish at Oxford. His books include The Spain of the Catholic Monarchs 1474–1520, Ferdinand and Isabella, and The Inquisitors.

(January 2016)


How the Spaniards Got There First

‘Philip II offering his son, Prince Fernando, to God after the victory at Lepanto’; painting by Titian, 1573–1575

World Without End: Spain, Philip II, and the First Global Empire

by Hugh Thomas
Hugh Thomas is right to include the phrase “Global Empire” in the title of World Without End, his grand piece of Spanish imperial history. There has always been a certain reluctance, among the English-speaking peoples, to acknowledge their predecessors in European empire-building in other parts of the world. Those of …