Murray Waas is an independent investigative journalist who has reported on the special counsel’s investigation of President Trump and related controversies of the Trump administration for Vox, Foreign Policy, and The New York Times. He has worked as investigations editor, most recently, for Vice, as an investigative correspondent for Reuters, and as a staff writer for National Journal. He has also written for The New Yorker, The Atlantic, and The Boston Globe, among other publications. He has been a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in the category of national reporting, a winner of John F. Kennedy School’s Goldsmith Prize for Investigative Reporting (1993), a winner of the Barlett & Steele Business Investigative Reporting Prize (2010), and a fellow with the Alicia Patterson Foundation. (July 2018)

Follow Murray Waas on Twitter: @murraywaas.


The Trump Obstruction of Justice Mueller Missed?

John Eisenberg, now deputy White House counsel, making a rare appearance, at a congressional hearing when he was deputy assistant attorney general in the DOJ’s Office of Legal Counsel, Washington, D.C., September 12, 2006

In early 2017, Deputy Counsel to the President John Eisenberg pressed a senior Justice Department official to tell him whether anyone close to President Trump was the subject of electronic surveillance as part of a federal criminal investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential campaign. That enquiry appears to have violated the Trump White House’s own official policy restricting its officials from discussing open criminal investigations with Justice officials, a policy written by White House Counsel Don McGahn only five weeks earlier. Remarkably, then, it was McGahn himself, acting on the president’s instructions, who asked Eisenberg to find out about the matter. This raises the possibility that actions taken by those party to Eisenberg’s effort could be an attempt to obstruct justice.

Ukraine Continued: How a Crucial Witness Escaped

Former Prosecutor General of Ukraine Yuriy Lutsenko at a press conference in Kiev, March 7, 2019

A classified State Department assessment concluded in 2018 that Ukraine’s former Prosecutor General Yuri Lutsenko—who is at the center of the impeachment inquiry of President Trump—had allowed a vital potential witness for Special Counsel Robert Mueller, Konstantin Kilimnik, to escape from Ukraine to Russia, beyond the reach of the United States, after a federal grand jury in the US charged Kilimnik with obstruction of justice. When Lutsenko arranged for Kilimnik to slip across the border, he eliminated the last likely possibility for the American people to learn the truth.

Trump, Giuliani, and Manafort: The Ukraine Scheme

Former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort leaving his arraignment on multiple felony charges in Manhattan Criminal Court, New York, June 27, 2019

The allegations that President Trump improperly pressured the head of state of a foreign government to improperly investigate the son of his potential Democratic opponent in the 2020 presidential race, and even withheld $250 million in military aid to that country, have become grounds for an impeachment inquiry. The new disclosures in this story underscore how this scheme originated in the long-running coordination between Trump, Giuliani, and Manafort to frustrate the Mueller investigation. This began with an earlier endeavor to obtain information that might provide a pretext and political cover for the president to pardon his former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort. 

Timeline of Deceit: From Trump’s Draft to Rosenstein’s Cover Story

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein joking with a fake beard donned during his farewell ceremony at the Department of Justice, Washington, D.C., May 9, 2019

These new disclosures of what Trump said in the draft letter terminating James Comey as FBI director highlight the central parts played in the affair by then Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein. Even though Trump had provided them copies of the draft letter, the nation’s two top federal law enforcement officials agreed to assist the president in his effort to fire Comey. Notably, Rosenstein has said he had no reason to believe that Trump fired Comey to undercut the FBI’s Russia investigation until after Comey’s firing. The draft letter appears to directly contradict that claim.

What Rod Rosenstein Knew When He Helped Trump Fire Comey

Attorney General William Barr with Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein during Rosenstein’s farewell ceremony at the Justice Department, Washington, D.C., May 9, 2019

In May 2017, then Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein agreed to assist President Trump in an effort to fire James Comey as FBI director despite Rosenstein’s knowing beforehand that the president had devised a false cover story to conceal the fact that he was firing Comey for his oversight of the FBI’s Russia investigation. President Trump gave Rosenstein a draft of a letter to then FBI Director Comey, in which the president justified his firing of Comey with a concocted story claiming that, at the beginning of his presidency, Trump had retained Comey on a probationary or trial period only, because of what he described as Comey’s poor job performance. After reading this draft letter, Rosenstein agreed to write a memorandum for the president severely criticizing Comey’s handling of the FBI’s investigation of Hillary Clinton. The White House used Rosenstein’s memo as its initial public rationale to explain Comey’s firing.

Jeff Sessions’s Grave Conflict of Interest

Former Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Acting FBI Director Andrew McCabe during a news conference at the Justice Department, Washington, D.C., July 13, 2017

A government official with first-hand knowledge of the matter told me that Jeff Sessions enlisted his subordinates to lie on his behalf that he did not know he was under federal investigation when he fired then Deputy FBI Director Andrew McCabe. In addition to firing McCabe, Sessions, while under investigation, played a leading role in more broadly carrying out President Trump’s relentless campaign to undermine and discredit the FBI. Several leading experts on legal ethics have told me that Sessions’s simultaneous and dual roles almost certainly violated the American Bar Association’s Model Rules of Professional Conduct and federal government conflict of interest regulations. That demonstrates both the utility of Sessions’ misstatements, and the gravity of the situation he faced. 

Mueller Prosecutors: Trump Did Obstruct Justice

President Donald Trump waving to journalists as he boarded Marine One to leave the White House, Washington, D.C., February 5, 2018

Privately, two prosecutors who were then employed in the special counsel’s office told other Justice Department officials that had it not been for the unique nature of the case—the investigation of a sitting president of the United States—they would have advocated that Trump face federal criminal charges. These DOJ officials made this disclosure to me in part because of what they regarded as Attorney General Barr’s misrepresentations of the Mueller report, and they believed it was important for the public and Congress to know what Mueller’s prosecutors had privately concluded: that a charge of obstruction of justice was indeed merited by Trump’s actions in the Flynn matter.

The Mueller Report’s ‘Smoking Gun’ on Obstruction of Justice

Robert Mueller at a Department of Justice ceremony upon his retirement as then director of the FBI, Washington, D.C., August 1, 2013

With the delivery of the Mueller report, even partly redacted as it is, Congress now has firm evidence, based on testimony from the White House Counsel and others, of a clear “nexus to a proceeding” and “corrupt intent” in the president’s conduct in pressuring Comey to end the investigation of Flynn. Not only does the Mueller report not exonerate Trump of obstruction of justice, but it has also given Congress a clear path to pursue the charge.