Leonard Schapiro was a British political scientist and one of the world’s foremost experts on Soviet politics. His works include The Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Russian Studies; he also translated Turgenev’s novel Spring Torrentsinto English.


Soviet Heroes

Ease My Sorrows: A Memoir

by Lev Kopelev, translated by Antonina W. Bouis.


by Petro G. Grigorenko and Thomas P. Whitney
Each of these books tells the story of disillusionment with communism. The authors are very different—the one an intellectual, the other a distinguished soldier who only late in life was confronted with problems of abstract politics, which he felt compelled to resolve. Yet in each case the motives for the …

The Case for Khrushchev


by Roy Medvedev, translated by Brian Pearce
Let History Judge was the title that Roy Medvedev gave to an admirable book on Stalin. He has now published a biography of Khrushchev, written, as was the previous book, in the Soviet Union. Medvedev seems to have considerable freedom to write in the USSR (though he has been warned …

Under the Volcano

Stalin's Secret War

by Nikolai Tolstoy

Confiscated Power: How Soviet Russia Really Works

by Hélène Carrère D'Encausse, translated by George Holoch
When during the late war British military observers were first allowed to visit the Soviet Union and see the armed forces in action, a number of them came back appalled by what they had seen. War equipment was primitive, as was the cartography, the supply system was rough and inadequate, …

The Polish Revolution

The Polish August: The Self-Limiting Revolution with a new afterword, by the Viking Press in April.)

by Neal Ascherson

Poland Today: The State of the Republic

compiled by "The Experience and the Future" Discussion Group, with an introduction by Jack Bielasiak
Lenin’s main theory was based on the thesis that left to themselves the workers would never carry out a revolution. Unless the idea of revolution was put into their heads by clever intellectuals (“brought from the outside,” as Lenin put it) workers would content themselves with “trade-unionist” demands for better …

A Good Man

Righteous Gentile: The Story of Raoul Wallenberg, Missing Hero of the Holocaust

by John Bierman
The horrifying story of the sufferings of Hungarian Jewry at the hands of the Germans has most recently been studied in detail in a monumental work, Randolph Braham’s The Politics of Genocide. When the Germans occupied Hungary, there were 246,803 Jews in Budapest (over 800,000 in the entire country), including …

Scaffolding of Lies

The Rise of the Gulag: Intellectual Origins of Leninism

by Alain Besançon, translated by Sarah Matthews
How does one set about establishing the intellectual origins of the doctrine which has come to be known as “Leninism”? The accepted way in the past has been to trace those ideas or doctrines with which it can be demonstrated Lenin was acquainted, and to argue from the similarity that …