Freud’s Egyptian Dig

In March of 1993, a new patient came to Freud, the American poet, Hilda Doolittle, better known to us by her pen name, H.D. The clouds of Nazism hung heavy over Europe that spring. H.D., severely traumatized by World War I, was frightened. She came to Freud, as she tells …

Survivor of a Lost World

A European Past: Memoirs, 1905–1945

by Felix Gilbert
Professor Felix Gilbert, one of the subtlest of America’s historians, has chosen well the title of his memoirs: A European Past. He could have called it “My European Past,” but the possessive pronoun would claim too much for the work as autobiography and too little for it as history. The …

Artist of Angst

Oskar Kokoschka, 1886–1980 the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, December 1986 to March 1987.Catalogs of the exhibitions.

exhibitions at the Tate Gallery, London, June to August 1986, and
Vienna, Paris, and New York have mounted large shows to satisfy and clarify the current interest in Austrian culture of the turn of the century; London has proceeded more modestly but with great effect. Claudio Abbado and the London Symphony Orchestra offered a two-season series, “Mahler, Vienna and the Twentieth …

MOMA’s Vienna

Vienna 1900: Art, Architecture & Design 21, 1986.

an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art. New York, July 3–October, Catalog by Kirk Varnedoe
One enters the Vienna show at the Museum of Modern art through a long corridor that seems low-key, even colorless. Be not deceived. Like everything else in this brilliant, coherent exhibition, it is carefully thought through. The corridor is composed like an overture in graphics to open the viewer’s senses …

Revolt in Vienna

The rapid, confused emergence of modernism in the late nineteenth century as a broad cultural movement self-conscious of its break from history drew architecture into its wake everywhere in Europe. But nowhere more than in Vienna. The reason is not far to seek. It lies in the city’s great mid-nineteenth-century …

Cultural Hothouse

The Sacred Spring: The Arts in Vienna 1898-1918

by Nicolas Powell, with an introduction by Adolf Opel

Art in Vienna, 1898-1918: Klimt, Kokoschka, Schiele and Their Contemporaries

by Peter Vergo
Change, Hegel once observed, while it imports dissolution, implies at the same time the rise of a new life; for while death is the issue of life, life is also the issue of death. To Austria at the turn of the century, Hegel’s observation is particularly appropriate. Precisely when the …