Debbie Bookchin is a journalist and author who co-edited a book of essays by her father, Murray Bookchin, The Next Revolution: Popular Assemblies and the Promise of Direct Democracy (2015), and co-wrote, with her husband Jim Schumacher, The Virus and the Vaccine: Contaminated Vaccine, Deadly Cancers and Government Neglect (2004). (June 2018)

Follow Debbie Bookchin on Twitter: @debbiebookchin.

NYR DAILY

How My Father’s Ideas Helped the Kurds Create a New Democracy

Kurdish women of the Kobani canton in Rojava marching in a demonstration calling for the release of the PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan, Syria, 2015

In The Ecology of Freedom, published in 1982 and translated into Turkish twelve years later, Murray Bookchin traced the emergence of hierarchy from prehistoric times to the present, examining the interaction between what he called the “legacy of domination” and the “legacy of freedom” in human history. The PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan read The Ecology of Freedom in his Turkish prison cell, and agreed with its analysis. My father’s emphasis on hierarchy became a signature aspect of Öcalan’s efforts to redefine the Kurdish problem.