Gerard Russell is the author of Heirs to Forgotten Kingdoms: Journeys into the Disappearing Religions of the Middle East. He is a Senior Fellow of the New America Foundation’s International Security Program and a Senior Associate of the Foreign Policy Centre in London.
 (October 2016)


What Chance for Democracy in the Middle East?

A portrait of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in a café in Damascus at the time of the US-led invasion of Iraq, March 2003

From Deep State to Islamic State: The Arab Counter-Revolution and Its Jihadi Legacy

by Jean-Pierre Filiu

Once Upon a Revolution: An Egyptian Story

by Thanassis Cambanis
Our recent attempt to run an Arab state did not end well. During just over a year in which the US- and UK-staffed Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) administered Iraq, that country began its descent into the abyss of violence and political and economic dysfunction in which it has languished ever …

Jihad: The Lessons of the Caliphate

The two caliphs: Mehmet Reshad of the Ottoman Empire, circa 1917, and Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi of ISIS, July 2014

The Fall of the Ottomans: The Great War in the Middle East

by Eugene Rogan
Just over a hundred years ago, in November 1914, a turbaned and bespectacled cleric stood on the exterior balcony of the great al-Fatih mosque in Istanbul. He read a fatwa that, among other things, enjoined all Muslims to fight against the British and French in a war taking place further …