Joe Penney is a photo-journalist based in West Africa and the co-founder of, a news site covering sub-Saharan Africa. (March 2018)

Follow Joe Penney on Twitter: @joepenney.


Africa, Latest Theater in America’s Endless War

Security forces passing near a refugee camp for Nigeriens displaced by Boko Haram attacks, Niger, 2017

From a small village in rural Niger all the way to the White House, the US military has increasing influence over American foreign policy in Africa. Niger is just one of the many countries in sub-Saharan and West Africa in which the US has trained elite military units in the name of counterterrorism. But while America is making war in Africa and military engagement morphs into a proxy for foreign policy run by the Pentagon, China is doing business.