Peter Adamson teaches ancient and Arabic philosophy at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. Medieval Philosophy, the fourth volume of his series of books based on his podcast A ­History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, will be published in September.
 (June 2019)

IN THE REVIEW

What Was Philosophy?

Mosaic of the Academy of Plato, Pompeii, circa first century BCE

The Beginnings of Philosophy in Greece

by Maria Michela Sassi, translated from the Italian by Michele Asuni
Philosophy was either born once, or born three times, or didn’t need to be born at all. The least plausible of these options is also the most widely believed: that all philosophy worthy of the name can be traced ultimately to a unique origin among the ancient Greeks. To see …