Were These Revolutions Necessary?

States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China

by Theda Skocpol
In this important and original book, Theda Skocpol seeks to discover the common causes and results of modern social revolutions, defined as “rapid, basic transformations of a society’s state and class structures…accompanied and in part carried through by class-based revolts from below.” By analyzing the great French Revolution of 1789 …

The Roots of Hell

Russia and Germany, a Century of Conflict

by Walter Laqueur
There can be no doubt that the map of Europe and the constellation of world powers would be utterly different today but for Hitler’s decision to attack Russia. Without it, Russian troops would not now stand on the Elbe; large parts of Europe would not have fallen under Soviet domination; …