How to Understand Slavery

Slavery and Freedom

by Willie Lee Rose, edited by William W. Freehling
Who would have predicted, back amid the storms of 1975 or thereabouts when American historians were still smiting each other over the historical meaning of slavery, that only a half-dozen years later the waters could have become as deadly calm as they seem to be now? I can’t say exactly …

The South After Slavery

The Era of Reconstruction, 1865-1877

by Kenneth M. Stampp
One of the more exquisite nightmares in Orwell’s 1984 is the bureau where newspapers, books, magazines, and written records of all kinds are continually revised so that the raw materials of history will in no way conflict with the latest pronouncements of Big Brother. Winston, the leading character, has the …

A Presidential Diary

Hayes: The Diary of a President, 1875-1881

edited by T. Harry Williams
There is something anomalous about a President’s keeping a diary. Only three out of the thirty-five have found the time to do it. They were John Quincy Adams, James K. Polk, and Rutherford B. Hayes (each of whom served only one term); the most literate of our Presidents, Jefferson, Madison, …