István Deák is Seth Low Professor Emeritus at Columbia. He is the author, with Jan Gross and Tony Judt, of The Politics of Retribution in Europe: World War II and Its Aftermath.


Could Stalin Have Been Stopped?

Joseph Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt at the Tehran Conference, 1943

Roosevelt’s Lost Alliances: How Personal Politics Helped Start the Cold War

by Frank Costigliola
Bad feelings about Roosevelt’s policy of cooperation with Stalin persist in Eastern Europe, especially in Poland, which, unlike the other Eastern European countries, never collaborated with the Nazis. The Polish people fought Germany with amazing fortitude; yet at the end of the war, the Western Allies consented to Poland’s political subjection and territorial losses to the Soviet Union—with partial compensation for the losses in the form of German territories. Frank Costigliola wants to combat such a negative judgment. He hopes to show that, popular perceptions to the contrary, FDR did as much as anyone could to mitigate the effects of the inevitable Soviet imperial presence in Eastern Europe.

Hungary: The Threat

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán on his way to an EU summit, Brussels, March 24, 2011
Hungarians often complain that the world ignores their little country, which has given humanity some of its greatest freedom fighters, mathematicians, physicists, architects, musicians, photographers, film directors, financiers—and war criminals. Truly international attention has come to Hungary only periodically, with the revolution of 1848–1849 under Louis Kossuth, Béla Kun’s Republic …

Heroes from Hungary

This notice and these photographs of Kati Marton’s parents were distributed by the AP wire service on July 9, 1955. They appear in her book Enemies of the People.

Double Exile: Migrations of Jewish-Hungarian Professionals Through Germany to the United States, 1919–1945

by Tibor Frank

Enemies of the People: My Family's Journey to America

by Kati Marton
During the 1930s a story was told about a sign outside the entrance to a Hollywood film studio: “It is not enough to be a Hungarian; one must also have talent.” Another story was about a meeting of top US atomic scientists at which, when Enrico Fermi has stepped out …

Did Hitler Plan to Kidnap the Pope?

A Special Mission: Hitler's Secret Plot to Seize the Vatican and Kidnap Pope Pius XII

by Dan Kurzman
Few popes were met with greater public expectation than Eugenio Pacelli when he was elected in 1939. It was hoped that as both an admired religious leader and a well-known diplomat, he would prove a welcome agent of European stability, a “prince of peace.” Yet few popes exercised less political …