Reinier de Graaf is an architect for the Office for Metropolitan Architecture in the Netherlands. He is the author of Four Walls and a Roof: The Complex Nature of a Simple Profession. (September 2018)

IN THE REVIEW

Cabrini Blues

Landscapes of Hope: Nature and the Great Migration in Chicago

by Brian McCammack

High-Risers: Cabrini-Green and the Fate of American Public Housing

by Ben Austen
Nine of the ten most racially segregated American cities are all located in the North, the “Land of Hope” during the Great Migration of African-Americans from the South between 1915 and 1970. In 2010, the list was topped by Chicago, where a history of racially restrictive covenants had pushed African-Americans almost entirely to what became known as the “Black Belt,” on the city’s South Side.