Gordon A. Craig (1913–2005) was a Scottish-American historian of Germany. He taught at both Princeton and Stanford, where he was named the J.E. Wallace Sterling Professor of Humanities in 1979.


The Goblin at War

Hitler Strikes Poland: Blitzkrieg, Ideology, and Atrocity

by Alexander B. Rossino

Hitler's Arctic War: The German Campaigns in Norway, Finland,and the USSR, 1940–1945

by Chris Mann and Christer Jörgensen
In June 1940, after Germany’s defeat of France, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, chief of the Wehrmacht Supreme Command, referred to Adolf Hitler as the Grösster Feldherr aller Zeiten (Greatest Warlord of All Times). When the fortunes of war began to wane, Hitler’s generals transformed this into the shorter Gröfaz, a …

Talking All the Way

Winston Churchill

by John Keegan

Churchill: Visionary. Statesman. Historian.

by John Lukacs
Of the four leaders who dominated international politics during the Second World War, Winston Churchill had the greatest amount of military experience. Adolf Hitler was a common soldier and an intrepid dispatch carrier during the First World War. Franklin Roosevelt served briefly as assistant secretary of the Navy after the …

The Magic Circle

The Pity of It All: A History of Jews in Germany, 1743–1933

by Amos Elon
In June 1849, in the last days of the revolutionary German National Assembly, the vice-president, Gabriel Riesser, one of its seven Jewish members, addressed the body during a debate on civil rights. Speaking of the inequality from which he and his fellows suffered, he brought thunderous applause from his audience …

Hitler’s Pal

Speer: The Final Verdict

by Joachim Fest, translated from the German by Ewald Osers and Alexandra Dring
Until the Nuremberg trial of the major war criminals, the name Albert Speer had made little impression on the Western world compared with those of other Nazis like Hermann Goering, Joseph Goebbels, and Heinrich Himmler. The revelations during the trial of the extent of his powers as minister of armaments …

Whose War Is It?

Supreme Command: Soldiers, Statesmen, and Leadership in Wartime

by Eliot A. Cohen

The Art of War: War and Military Thought

by Martin van Creveld
After the Gulf War was over, President George H.W. Bush, who had presided over it, wrote with some satisfaction: [Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff] Colin Powell, ever the professional, wisely wanted to be sure that if we had to fight, we would do it right and not take …

Great Scots!

How the Scots Invented the Modern World

by Arthur Herman
The Scottish Enlightenment had two centers, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Unlike London and Paris, the only cities that could compete with it as an intellectual capital, Edinburgh’s cultural life was not dominated by state or aristocracy, but by its intellectuals and men of letters. It was a remarkably democratic society, in which there were no intellectual taboos and virtually all ideas could be debated freely. Herman writes that it was “like a gigantic think tank or artists colony, except that unlike most modern think tanks, it was not cut off from everyday life.”

‘A Very Strange Machine’

Tank: The Progress of a Monstrous War Machine

by Patrick Wright
In November 1917, at Cambrai, three hundred British tanks broke through the supposedly impregnable Hindenburg trench system on a front of seven miles and, for a loss of four thousand men, captured eight thousand terrified German prisoners. It was a penetration equal to that which had taken three months and …