Mr. Eliot’s Martyrdom

Eliot’s Early Years by Lyndall Gordon

T.S. Eliot’s Personal Waste Land: Exorcism of the Demons by James E. Miller Jr.

T.S. Eliot: The Longer Poems by Derek Traversi

Reading Opera

Romantic Opera and Literary Form by Peter Conrad

Literature as Opera by Gary Schmidgall

Mozart and Beethoven: The Concept of Love in Their Operas by Irving Singer

Getting Down to Business

The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business by Alfred D. Chandler Jr.

America by Design: Science, Technology, and the Rise of Corporate Capitalism by David F. Noble

Captains of Consciousness: Advertising and the Social Roots of the Consumer Culture by Stuart Ewen

Benevolent Adam Smith

The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, I. The Theory of Moral Sentiments by Adam Smith, edited by D.D. Raphael and A.L. Macfie.

The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, II. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, edited by R.H. Campbell, edited by A.S. Skinner, textual editor W.B. Todd

Essays on Adam Smith edited by A.S. Skinner, edited by Thomas Wilson

The Market and the State: Essays in Honour of Adam Smith edited by Thomas Wilson, edited by Andrew S. Skinner

Short Reviews

The Lowell Offering: Writings by New England Mill Women, 1840-1845 edited by Benita Eisler

Twilight of the Old Order by Claude Manceron


Thomas R. Edwards (1928–2005) was Professor of English at Rutgers and editor of Raritan. His last book was Over Here: Criticizing America.

Irvin Ehrenpreis (1920–1985) was the Linden Kent Memorial Professor of English Literature at the University of Virginia. In 1984 he received the Christian Gauss Award from Phi Beta Kappa for the final volume of his trilogy, Swift: The Man, His Works, and the Age.

Seamus Heaney’s first poetry collection, Death of a Naturalist, appeared forty years ago. Since then he has published poetry, criticism, and translations that have established him as one of the leading poets of his generation. In 1995 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Robert L. Heilbroner (1919–2005) was an American economist. He taught economic history at the New School, where he was appointed Norman Thomas Professor of Economics in 1971.

Irving Howe (1920–1993) was an American literary and social critic. His history of Eastern-European Jews in America, World of Our Fathers, won the 1977 National Book Award in History.

Joseph Kerman is emeritus professor of music at the University of California, Berkeley. He began writing music criticism for The Hudson Review in the 1950s, and is a longtime contributor to The New York Review of Books and many other journals. His books include Opera as Drama (1956; new and revised edition 1988), The Beethoven Quartets (1967), Contemplating Music (1986), Concerto Conversations (1999), and The Art of Fugue (2005).

Bernard Knox (1914–2010) was an English classicist. He was the first director of Harvard’s Center for Hellenic Studies in Washington, DC. Among his many books are The Heroic Temper, The Oldest Dead White European Males, and Backing into the Future: The Classical Tradition and Its Renewal. He is the editor of The Norton Book of Classical Literature and wrote the introductions and notes for Robert Fagles’s translations of the Iliad and the Odyssey.

Susan Sontag (1933–2004) was a novelist, playwright, filmmaker, and one of the most influential critics of her generation. Her books include Against Interpretation, On Photography, Illness as Metaphor, and The Volcano Lover.

John Updike (1932–2009) was born in Shillington, Pennsylvania. In 1954 he began to publish in The New Yorker, where he continued to contribute short stories, poems, and criticism until his death. His major work was the set of four novels chronicling the life of Harry “Rabbit” Angstrom, two of which, Rabbit is Rich and Rabbit at Rest, won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. His last books were the novel The Widows of Eastwick and Due Considerations, a collection of his essays and criticism.

Gore Vidal (1925–2012) was an American novelist, essayist, and playwright. His many works include the memoirs Point to Point Navigation and Palimpsest, the novels The City and the Pillar, Myra Breckinridge, and Lincoln, and the collection United States: Essays 1952–1992.

Garry Wills, a journalist and historian, is the author of numerous books, including Nixon Agonistes (1970), Inventing America (1978), Explaining America: The Federalist (1981), and Lincoln at Gettysburg (1993), which won a Pulitzer Prize that year. His most recent book is What the Qur’an Meant: And Why It Matters (2017). (November 2019)