The War of the German Historians

Zweierlei Untergang: Die Zerschlagung des Deutschen Reiches und das Ende des Europäischen Judentums by Andreas Hillgruber

Dissonanzen des Fortschritts: Essays über Geschichte und Politik in Deutschland by Michael Stürmer

Nach Hitler: Der Schwierige Umgang mit Unserer Geschichte: Beiträge von Martin Broszat edited by Hermann Graml, edited by Klaus-Dietmar Henke

Nachdenken über die Deutsche Geschichte: Essays by Thomas Nipperdey

Artist of Angst

Oskar Kokoschka, 1886–1980 the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, December 1986 to March 1987.Catalogs of the exhibitions. exhibitions at the Tate Gallery, London, June to August 1986, and

Bridges & Boundaries

The Monkey’s Wrench by Primo Levi, translated by William Weaver

To the Land of the Cattails by Aharon Appelfeld, translated by Jeffrey M. Green

Neediest Cases

The Poor in the Middle Ages: An Essay in Social History by Michel Mollat, translated by Arthur Goldhammer

A Small Sound of the Trumpet: Women in Medieval Life by Margaret Wade Labarge

Thoreau’s Book of Life

Henry David Thoreau: A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers; Walden; The Maine Woods; Cape Cod

Henry Thoreau: A Life of the Mind by Robert D. Richardson Jr.

The Winged Life: The Poetic Voice of Henry David Thoreau edited and with commentaries by Robert Bly


Shaul Bakhash is Robinson Professor of History at George Mason University and the author of The Reign of the Ayatollahs: Iran and the Islamic Revolution. (September 2005)

Abraham Brumberg (1926–2008) was an essayist, editor and translator. His memoir, Journey Through Vanishing Worlds, was published by New Academia in 2007.

Gordon A. Craig (1913–2005) was a Scottish-American historian of Germany. He taught at both Princeton and Stanford, where he was named the J.E. Wallace Sterling Professor of Humanities in 1979.

D.J. Enright (1920–2002) was a British poet, novelist and critic. He held teaching positions in Egypt, Japan, Thailand, Singapore and the United Kingdom. In 1981 Enright was awarded the Queen’s Gold Medal for Poetry.

Zbigniew Herbert’s Collected Poems 1956–1998 was published in English in 2007. The poem in this issue was prepared for a Polish edition of Herbert’s uncollected poems edited by Ryszard Krynicki. (June 2013)

Brad Leithauser is a novelist, poet, and essayist. He lives in Massachusetts.

Nicholas Lemann is a Professor at the Columbia ­Graduate School of Journalism and a staff writer at The New Yorker. His books include Transaction Man: The Rise of the Deal and the ­Decline of the American Dream and The Big Test: The Secret ­History of the American Meritocracy.
 (February 2020)

Geoffrey O’Brien’s books include The Phantom Empire and Sonata for Jukebox. His Where Did Poetry Come From? will be ­published in the spring.
(February 2020)

C. Vann Woodward (1908–1999) was a historian of the American South. He taught at Johns Hopkins and at Yale, where he was named the Sterling Professor of History. His books include Mary Chesnut’s Civil War and The Old World’s New World.